Keeping it simple: Follow these steps to determine motor's actual load
Contrary to popular opinion, bigger is not always better. A case in point is the electric motor, the workhorse of industry. There is a natural tendency to want a little extra power, "just in case." That's why auto makers still sell cars with 300 hp engines, even though the speed limit may be under 70 miles per hour. But, just like those gasguzzlers, operating an oversized electric motor may cost additional money; sometimes, a lot of money. Here is a simple procedure for determining the actual hp required by a load, without expensive equipment or engineering.