Electrical machine enclosures: Degree of protection (IP) codes
The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standard 60529 “Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP code)” addresses the degrees of protection for electrical machines (motors and generators). The “IP” acronym means “International Protection,” but is sometimes referred to as “Ingress Protection.” The IP code is commonly displayed on metric machine nameplates, which are manufactured to IEC standards.
The NEMA MG1 Motors and Generators standards have adopted the IEC standards for the IP designations. Although not prevalent on NEMA machine nameplates, the inclusion of the IP marking is becoming more common. The purpose of this article is to describe the IP code designations and provide examples of the IP codes for common electrical machine enclosures.