Tom Bishop, P.E.
EASA Technical Support Specialist
This article describes machine balancing of the rotating components of motors and generators, primarily rotors and armatures. The methods described here, in general, can be applied to on-site balancing if the rotating component is accessible. The intent is to describe the methods of attaching balance weights, not determining acceptable balance level or the location and amount of correction weight.
The advent of computerized balancing machines has made the latter steps rather straightforward. However, the challenge of how to attach a weight in such a way that it will remain secure and not negatively affect machine operation remains at times a vexing problem.
What is the purpose of dynamic balancing a rotating part? It is to reduce unbalance and consequently to bring vibration to acceptable levels to allow for normal bearing and other component life. The acceptable levels of vibration are described in EASA Tech Note 32, “Standards For Dynamic Balancing,” thus we won’t explain them here.
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