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Low-resistance fields in DC motors; application and testing

  • September 2018
  • Number of views: 3051
  • Article rating: 5.0

Ground faults, short circuits and bad connections in interpole coils, series coils and compensating windings cause performance problems in DC machines, including brush sparking, flashover, stalling and catastrophic failure. Shunt coils have many turns of relatively small wire and are usually excited by a DC source independent of the armature. Series, interpole and compensating coils in the armature circuit usually are wound with a few turns of heavy wire as these coils carry armature current. For accurate test results, make sure windings are clean and dry. Verify connections of low resistance fields by visual inspection. Apply DC voltage to an assembled field frame and perform a thermography scan to detect problems including uneven heating and loose or corroded connections. Verify that the terminal lead markings are correct. Lead marking should conform to the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) nameplate, NEMA MG1 or IEC 60034-8, whichever is applicable.

Bobinados de campo de baja resistencia en motores de CC-Aplicación y pruebas

  • September 2018
  • Number of views: 1566
  • Article rating: No rating

Los fallos a tierra, cortocircuitos y malas conexiones en las bobinas de los interpolos, campos serie y devanados de compensación de las máquinas de CC pueden causar problemas de funcionamiento que incluyen: Chisporroteo, flameo (flashover), frenado y fallos catastróficos. Algunas bobinas de campo shunt están bobinadas con muchas espiras y un alambre relativamente delgado y generalmente son excitadas con una fuente de CC independiente a la de la armadura. Por lo general, los campos serie, interpolos y devanados de compensación del circuito de armadura están bobinados con pocas espiras y alambre grueso, ya que por ellos circula la corriente de armadura. Para obtener resultados de prueba precisos asegúrese que los bobinados están limpios y secos y verifique visualmente las conexiones de los campos de baja resistencia. Para detectar problemas de calentamiento irregular o conexiones flojas o corroídas aplique voltaje CC a las bobinas de un estator de CC y realice una inspección termográfica. Compruebe que las marcas de los cables de salida sean las correctas. Estas deben coincidir con los datos de placa del fabricante original (OEM) o con las normas NEMA MG1 o IEC 60034-8, lo que aplique.

Interpole strength: Determining correct number of circuits

  • February 2007
  • Number of views: 1915
  • Article rating: 3.0

A conversation with two EASA members led to a method for determining whether the interpoles are connected with the correct number of circuits. Not only is this method easy, it's a refinement of the interpole polarity test we routinely perform on every repaired DC machine.

Interpole shims: Proper placement prevents arcing

  • November 2006
  • Number of views: 2096
  • Article rating: No rating

Have you ever wondered about the purpose of the shims found under the interpoles in most DC machines? Those shims are used by the manufacturer to adjust the interpole strength. If they are lost, left out or mixed up, the result will be a DC motor or generator that arcs - especially when loaded.

Training Film 19: Layer-Winding DC Field Coils

  • June 1985
  • Number of views: 1683
  • Article rating: No rating

Covers all necessary steps for layer-winding DC field coils, how to layer-wind a shunt field coil, how to reinsulate an interpole field coil, and how to install large field coils in the frame.

Training Film 18: Random-Winding DC Field Coils

  • June 1984
  • Number of views: 1612
  • Article rating: No rating

Illustrates procedures for manufacturing random-wound interpole and main field coils for DC machines. Covers everything from removing old coils and taking data to installing and connecting new coils, including how to construct winding forms and jigs, how to shape coils to conform with the curvature of the field frame and how to insulate field coils. Both “wet” and “dry” winding techniques are illustrated.

Getting The Most From Your Electric Motors

Getting The Most From Your Electric Motors - coverThis 40-page booklet provides great advice for obtaining the longest, most efficient and cost-effective operation from general and definite purpose electric motors.

This booklet covers topics such as:

  • Installation, startup and baseline information
  • Operational monitoring and maintenance
  • Motor and baseline installation data
  • How to read a motor nameplate
  • Motor storage recommendations



EASA/AEMT Rewind Study

EASA Rewind Study cover

The Effect of Repair/Rewinding on Premium Efficiency/IE3 Motors
Tests prove Premium Efficiency/IE3 Motors can be rewound without degrading efficiency.


ANSI/EASA AR100-2020

ANSI/EASA AR100-2015 cover

Recommended Practice for the Repair of Rotating Electrical Apparatus
This is a must-have guide to the repair of rotating electrical machines. Its purpose is to establish recommended practices in each step of the rotating electrical apparatus rewinding and rebuilding processes.



EASA Technical Manual

EASA Technical Manual cover

Revised May 2021
The EASA Technical Manual is the association's definitive and most complete publication. It's available FREE to members in an online format. Members can also download PDFs of the entire manual or individual sections.