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Surge test levels for form wound stators

  • December 2016
  • Number of views: 2016
  • Article rating: 3.0

The question of surge test voltage levels used for testing the turns insulation of form wound stators comes up often. And, why wouldn’t it? Many service centers have several good coil suppliers in their qualified supplier lists and quite a few customers who own form wound motors. It’s not unlikely that each of the coil suppliers and each of the customers could be specifying different test levels. What’s more, most authoritative standards or guides available provide a range of test levels. This is because not all insulation systems are designed to have the same surge withstand capability. Also, the turn insulation properties of one particular system can vary widely depending on the extent of processing complete at the time of test.

Niveles para la prueba de impulso en estatores de pletina

  • December 2016
  • Number of views: 2149
  • Article rating: No rating

La pregunta sobre los niveles de tensión utilizados en la prueba de impulso para comprobar el aislamiento entre espiras de los estatores de pletina surge muy a menudo. ¿Y por qué nos la hacemos? Muchos centros de servicio tienen buenos fabricantes de bobinas en sus listados de proveedores calificados y varios clientes que poseen motores de pletina. No es improbable que cada fabricante de bobinas y cada cliente puedan especificar niveles de prueba diferentes. Aún más, la mayoría de las normas o guías disponibles proporcionan un rango de niveles de prueba. Esto es debido a que no todos los sistemas de aislamiento están diseñados con la misma capacidad para soportar impulsos. Además, las propiedades del aislamiento entre espiras de un sistema en particular pueden variar ampliamente, dependiendo del grado de procesamiento alcanzado al momento de la prueba.

Surge Testing and Error Area Ratio (EAR) Basics

  • July 2016
  • Number of views: 4403
  • Article rating: 4.6

One difficulty or challenge with surge comparison testing has been its subjectivity. Within the last few decades, several equipment manufacturers have begun to utilize analytical methods to evaluate the surge comparison test results. The goal is to remove as much subjectivity as possible so that disposition of the unit under test is a simple decision for the operator. The analytical method that has become most popular, in various forms, is use of the Error Area Ratio (EAR).

Do you have to have EAR capabilities in order to perform surge comparison testing satisfactorily? No, but if you have the capability, a basic understanding of the data reported by the equipment can help you make an informed decision.

Fundamentos de la Prueba de Impulso y Relación del Área de Error (EAR)

  • July 2016
  • Number of views: 1866
  • Article rating: No rating

La mayoría de los centros de servicio realizan algún tipo de prueba por comparación de impulsos, aunque la terminología y la metodología pueden variar. Durante las dos últimas décadas, varios fabricantes de equipos han comenzado a utilizar métodos analíticos para evaluar los resultados de la prueba por comparación de impulsos. El objetivo es eliminar tanto como sea posible la mayor cantidad de subjetividad, de tal forma que el operador pueda decidir de forma sencilla lo que debe hacer con la unidad. El método de análisis más utilizado, en diferentes formas, es la Relación del Área de Error (EAR) .

¿Necesita estar capacitado en EAR para poder realizar las pruebas por comparación de impulsos de forma satisfactoria? No, pero si usted cuenta con dicha formación, un conocimiento básico de los datos reportados por el equipo le puede ayudar a tomar una decisión bien fundamentada.

How to properly test AC stator and wound rotor windings

  • October 2012
  • Number of views: 7598
  • Article rating: 4.3

There is much discussion in the industry about how to properly electrically test AC stator and wound rotor windings. Topics include test voltage, procedure, frequency and when to perform the various tests. This article describes how the following standards address these questions:

  • NEMA MG 1-2011
  • (MG1) IEEE 43-2000
  • (IEEE 43) IEEE 62.2-2004
  • (IEEE 62.2) IEEE 522-2004
  • (IEEE 522) IEEE 1068-2009
  • (IEEE 1068) ANSI/EASA AR100-2010
  • (AR100) CSA C392-2011 (C392)

These standards are regularly reviewed and coordinated, so some of the information may not match the old yellowed reference taped to your toolbox lid. These updated references should replace anything dated previous to the dates indicated on the standard. AR100 Section 4.3.1 lists the recommended tests for stator and wound rotor windings. They are insulation resistance (IR), winding resistance, growler, phase balance, surge comparison, polarity and ball rotation tests. This article covers the IR, winding resistance and surge tests. Noticeably absent from this list is the ever popular high potential (hi-pot) test. Topics covered also include: IR (or megohm) test Polarization index test Winding resistance test Surge comparison test Hi-pot test.

Getting The Most From Your Electric Motors

Getting The Most From Your Electric Motors - coverThis 40-page booklet provides great advice for obtaining the longest, most efficient and cost-effective operation from general and definite purpose electric motors.

This booklet covers topics such as:

  • Installation, startup and baseline information
  • Operational monitoring and maintenance
  • Motor and baseline installation data
  • How to read a motor nameplate
  • Motor storage recommendations



EASA/AEMT Rewind Study

EASA Rewind Study cover

The Effect of Repair/Rewinding on Premium Efficiency/IE3 Motors
Tests prove Premium Efficiency/IE3 Motors can be rewound without degrading efficiency.


ANSI/EASA AR100-2020

ANSI/EASA AR100-2015 cover

Recommended Practice for the Repair of Rotating Electrical Apparatus
This is a must-have guide to the repair of rotating electrical machines. Its purpose is to establish recommended practices in each step of the rotating electrical apparatus rewinding and rebuilding processes.



EASA Technical Manual

EASA Technical Manual cover

Revised May 2021
The EASA Technical Manual is the association's definitive and most complete publication. It's available FREE to members in an online format. Members can also download PDFs of the entire manual or individual sections.